HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the Republic of Armenia (Statistic information)
|1988||-||registration of the first HIV case; the transmission mode is heterosexual intercourse;|
|1988||-||registration of the first AIDS case;|
|1989||-||registration of the first death from AIDS;|
|1990||-||registration of the first case of HIV infection through injecting drug use;|
|1996||-||registration of the first HIV case among women;|
|2000||-||registration of the first case of HIV transmission through homosexual practice;|
|2001||-||registration of the first cases of HIV infection and AIDS among children;|
|2001||-||registration of the first case of child death from AIDS;|
|2002||-||HIV prevalence among IDUs is in the range of 15%;|
|2007||-||HIV prevalence among IDUs is in the range of 6.8%;|
|2010||-||HIV prevalence among IDUs is in the range of 6.5%;|
|2012||-||HIV prevalence among IDUs is in the range of 6.3%.|
From 1988 to 31 January 2014 1634 HIV cases had been registered in the country among the citizens of the Republic of Armenia with 238 new cases of HIV infection registered during 2013, which exceeds the number of HIV cases registered annually in the previous years.
Males constitute a major part in the total number of HIV cases - 1143 cases (70%), females make up 491 cases (30%). 1634 reported cases include 33 cases of HIV infection among children (2%).
55% of the HIV-infected individuals belong to the age group of 25-39 at the moment of the HIV diagnosis receipt.
In the Republic of Armenia the main modes of HIV transmission are through heterosexual practices (60%) and injecting drug use (31%). Additionally, there are also registered cases through homosexual practices, as well as mother-to-child HIV transmission and transmission through blood.
Allocation of HIV cases registered in the Republic of Armenia is as follows:
|Transmission through heterosexual practices||60.0%|
|Transmission through injecting drug usage||31.0%|
|Transmission through homosexual practices||2.2%|
|Transmission through blood||0.2%|
AIDS diagnosis was made to 845 patients with HIV, of whom 219 are women and 18 are children. 143 of all the AIDS cases have been registered during 2013. From the beginning of the epidemic 361 death cases have been registered among HIV/AIDS patients (including 63 women and 7 children).
Almost all the individuals infected via injecting drug use were men and almost all the women (98%) were infected through sexual contacts.
The maximum number of HIV cases was reported in Yerevan, the capital: 597 cases, which constitute 37% of all the registered cases. Shirak Marz follows next - 182 cases, which constitute 11% of all the registered cases. The estimation of HIV registered cases per 100 000 population shows the highest rate in Shirak marz – 72, followed by Lori marz, Yerevan, Armavir marz with the rates of 67, 56 and 52 respectively.
The HIV/AIDS situation assessment shows that the estimated number of people living with HIV in the country is about 3500.
Робин С. Шарма