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Decisions of European Court

Bioethics and the case-law of the Court

07.10.2015
автор: European Court of Human Rights
источник: www.coe.int

Research Report.The text was finalised in September 2009, and has been updated in May 2012. 

Specific issues which come under this term and are addressed in the report include reproductive rights (prenatal diagnosis and the right to a legal abortion), medically assisted procreation, assisted suicide, consent to medical treatment or examinations, ethical issues concerning HIV, retention of biological data by the authorities and the right to know one’s biologicalidentity.

TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Examples of cases in which bioethical issues have been raised 

A. Reproductive Rights 

1. Pre-natal diagnosis  

Draon v. France [GC], no. 1513/03, judgment of 6 October 2005

2. Right to a legal abortion

D. v. Ireland, no. 26499/02, decision of 27 June 2006

Tysiąc v. Poland, no. 5410/03, judgment of 20 March 2007 

**A, B, and C v. Ireland [GC], no. 25579/05, judgment of 16 December 2010

**R.R. v. Poland, no. 27617/04, judgment of 26 May 2011

Pending case

Z v. Poland, no. 46132/08, communicated on 19 June 2009 

B. Medically assisted procreation

Evans v. the United-Kingdom [GC], no. 6339/05, judgment of 10 April 2007

Dickson v. the United-Kingdom [GC], no. 44362/04, judgment of 4 December 2007

**S.H and Others v. Austria [GC], no. 57813/00, judgment of 3 November 2011

Pending case

**Knecht v. Romania, no. 10048/10, communicated on 8 July 2010

C. Assisted suicide

Sanles Sanles v. Spain, no. 48335/99, decision of 26 October 2000

Pretty v. the United Kingdom, no. 2346/02, judgment of 29 April 2002

**Haas v. Switzerland, no. 31322/07, judgment of 20 January 2011

Pending case

**Koch v. Germany, no. 497/09, decision of 31 May 2011

D. Consent to medical examination or treatment

1. General issues of consent .

Hoffmann v. Austria, no. 12875/87, judgment of 23 June 1993

Glass v. the United Kingdom, no. 61827/00, judgment of 9 March 2004

Jalloh v. Germany [GC], no. 54810/00, judgment of 11 July 2006

Bogumil v. Portugal, no. 35228/03, judgment of 7 October 2008

**M.A.K. and R.K. v. the United Kingdom, nos. 45901/05 and 40146/06, judgment of 23 March 2010

Pending case.

**Arskaya v. Ukraine, no. 45076/05, decision of 4 October 2011

2. Consent to gynaecological examinations

Juhnke v. Turkey, no. 52515/99, judgment of 13 May 2008

Salmanoğlu and Polattaş v. Turkey, no. 15828/03, judgment of 17 March 2009

3. Consent to sterilisation operation

**M.V. v. Slovakia, no. 62079/09, decision of 23 November 2010

**V.C. v. Slovakia, no. 18968/07, judgment of 8 November 2011

Pending cases

**I.G., M.K. and R.H. v. Slovakia, no. 15966/04, decision of 22 September 2009

**Gauer and Others v. France, no. 61521/08, communicated on 14 March 2011

E. Ethical issues concerning HIV

1. Threat of explusion

Arcila Henao v. the Netherlands (dec.), no. 13669/03, decision of 24 June 2003

N. v. the United Kingdom [GC], no. 26565/05, judgment of 27 May 2008

**Kiyutin v. Russia, no. 2700/10, judgment of 15 March 2011

2. Isolation

Enhorn v. Sweden, no. 56529/00, judgment of 25 January 2005

3. Confidentiality

I. v. Finland, no. 20511/03, judgment of 17 July 2008

Armonienė v. Lithuania, no. 36919/02, and Biriuk v. Lithuania, no. 23373/03, judgments of 25 November 2008

Colak and Tsakiridis v. Germany, nos. 77144/01 and 35493/05, judgment of 5 March 2009 

4. Preventive measures/Access to treatment

Shelley v. the United Kingdom, no. 23800/06, decision of 4 January 2008

Aleksanyan v. Russia, no. 46468/06, judgement of 2 December 2008

**A.B. v. Russia, no. 1439/06, judgment of 14 October 2010

**Logvinenko v. Ukraine, no. 13448/07, judgment of 14 October 2010

**Shchebetov v. Russia, no. 21731/02, judgment of 10 April 2012

Pending case.

**Centre of legal resources on behalf of Valentin Câmpeanu v. Romania, no. 47848/08, communicated on 7 June 2011 .. 40 F. Retention of finger print, cellular samples and/or DNA by authorities

Van der Velden v. the Netherlands, no. 29514/05, decision of 7 December 2006

S. and Marper v. the United Kingdom [GC], nos. 30562/04 and 30566/044, judgment of 4 December 2008

W. v. the Netherlands, no. 20689/08, decision of 20 January 2009

**Deceuninck v. France, no. 47447/08, decision of 13 December 2011

**Gillberg v. Sweden [GC], no. 41723/06, judgment of 3 April 2012

Pending cases

**Barreau and Others v. France, no. 24697/09, communicated on 28 February 2011 .

**Kedim v. France, no. 19522/09, communicated on 28 March 2011 

The text of the Report can be downloaded by the link  http://www.coe.int/t/dg3/healthbioethic/texts_and_documents/Bioethics_and_caselaw_Court_EN.pdf

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